What is environment monitoring?
Environment monitoring refers to a process where special tools and techniques are used to observe an environment and define its quality. It helps in identifying the effect of activities and their impact on the environment as a whole.
The main objective of environment monitoring is to manage and minimize the negative effect of various activities on the immediate external environment. It helps in controlling the pollution levels and helps in identifying new trends to achieve the same motive. This is done to protect to environment which directly influences the health and positivity of humans, plants and animals.
There are 3 main types of environmental monitoring activities which are globally recognized and practiced:
- Environmental monitoring with respect to air: Air pollution harms the health of all living beings and good air quality is essential to human health. There are various air quality regulations that must be followed by industries and business units.
The quality of air can be monitored in real time using a special software that connects sensors in the locality to get an accurate reading on the level of pollution. They measure these levels and combine it into a report that can be easily understood.
The report gives a detailed description of the pollutants present and the level of their composition in the air.
- Environmental monitoring with respect to noise: Noise pollution must be measured on land as well as in the ocean. On land, noise pollution disrupts the natural wild life habitats and can scare domestic and wild animals.
Loud noises can be extremely harmful to human ears and can cause permanent hearing problems. Under water, extremely high noises caused by some creatures can disrupt the well being of others. While there is little control of the humans in those aspects, noise pollution on land can be controlled safely and regulated.
To measure the noise and sound levels on land as well as in the sea, there are specially designed sensors that connect a software to report real time noise levels. The government has regulated a noise level threshold for various industries that cannot be surpassed and industries know before hand that only a certain level of noise can be made.
- Environmental monitoring with respect to water: Water is the driving force of human, plant and animal life. It is essential to life on earth and should hence be carefully monitored. Water bodies must be maintained and free of pollution so that marine life and under water creatures can survive and thrive. Similar to other monitoring devices, water pollution can be measured in real time by connect sensors in specific locations to a measuring software that consolidates the pollution levels and alerts the stakeholders when the threshold is reached. This process can also be done manually where some water samples are collected and manually tested in labs.
Other environmental monitoring equipment’s:
• Smart sensors
• Automatic samplers
• Buoy Mooring
• Data Loggers
• Online Data centers
• Temperature profiling
• Flood warning systems
• Stream and River Monitoring systems